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Introduction: The odontogenic keratocyst (OKC) calcifying cyst and the newly identified glandular odontogenic cyst are examples of odontogenic cysts that might be problematic due to recurrence and/or aggression. The OKC occasionally indicates the nevoid basal all carcinoma syndrome and possesses a significant growth capacity and recurrence potential. Notwithstanding the significance of these lesions, little is known about the demographic makeup of the various communities. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to determine how often odontogenic cysts are in patients who attend a private dental college.
Methods: A Prospective study was conducted and the case records of the patients diagnosed with odontogenic cysts were collected by reviewing patient records who got admitted to our outpatient from January 2023 to June 2023. The collected data was subjected to statistical analysis and correlation using SPSS software for evaluating the P value and chi square value, where P < 0.05 was statistically significant.
Results: Among the total number of patients 56.52% were males and 43.48% were females. Majority of them were 31-45 years old (43.48%) followed by 6-19 years (21.74%). Majority of the cysts were found in the upper arch (67.39%) and 32.61% of the cysts were found in the lower arch. After evaluating the Chi square test values, it was understood that an odontogenic keratocyst was most commonly found in the upper arch and this difference was found to be statistically significant (p=0.017<0.05).
Conclusion: Inside the confines of this research, we discovered that radicular cysts were more common than OKC and dentigerous cysts, with a male predilection where odontogenic cysts were found more frequently between the ages of 31 and 45. The most common site for radicular and OKC cysts was the upper arch, whereas the lower arch was more common for dentigerous cysts due to common impaction of the third molars.