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OBJECTIVE: The main aim of our study is to check for prevalence for accessory canals in CBCT in order to prevent any postoperative complications of missing a canal from obturation.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted in the Oral medicine and Radiology department which included patients of age group 20-60 years and above. Subjects were assessed radiographically. Patients advised for CBCT and included in the study. The radiographs were evaluated for any accessory canal in the mandibular molars. The results obtained were tabulated to Microsoft Excel Sheet. It was then imported to SPSS software version 23.0.
RESULTS: Among 45 males and 45 females, only 10% of males and 14.4% of females had accessory canal in their mandibular molar.
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: We can conclude that only 24.4% of the patients had accessory canal in their mandibular molar when assessed in CBCT. The presence of accessory canals is important for an endodontist and is challenging for root canal treatments. Hence the radiological finding of an accessory canal plays a major role in the prognosis of root canal therapy.