The Spectrum of Motivation: A Detailed Review of Self-Medication

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Satinder Singh, Rahul Sharma


The practice of self-medication, where individuals independently initiate, manage, and terminate the use of medications without professional guidance, is a widespread phenomenon with implications for public health. This comprehensive review synthesizes existing literature to elucidate the motivators influencing individuals to engage in self-medication. The review integrates studies from diverse cultural, socioeconomic, and healthcare contexts, aiming to provide a nuanced understanding of the multifaceted determinants driving this behavior. The methodology section outlines the systematic approach used to identify and analyze relevant literature, ensuring a rigorous and inclusive review process. The motivators for self-medication are categorized into several key themes. Firstly, the influence of health beliefs and perceptions is examined, exploring how individuals' attitudes toward their health conditions shape their self-medication practices. Secondly, the impact of healthcare accessibility on self-medication is scrutinized, highlighting the role of factors such as cost, convenience, and geographical location.  Social dynamics are explored in the context of self-medication, with a focus on how peer influences, family, and societal norms contribute to individuals' decisions to self-treat. Additionally, the pervasive influence of media and advertising in shaping perceptions and behaviors related to self-medication is critically examined, including the role of online information sources. The review further investigates both the positive outcomes and negative consequences associated with self-medication. Regulatory and policy perspectives are discussed to provide insights into the existing frameworks governing self-medication practices.  In conclusion, the review synthesizes the current state of knowledge on motivators for self-medication, offering valuable insights for healthcare professionals, policymakers, and the public.

Objectives: To understand the factors that motivate individuals to engage in self-medication.

Methods: The methodology employed in this comprehensive review aims to systematically explore and analyse the factors motivating individuals to engage in self-medication. The structured approach is designed to ensure a rigorous examination of the existing literature while providing a comprehensive understanding of the complexities surrounding self-medication behaviour.

Conclusions: In conclusion, this comprehensive review has illuminated the intricate web of motivators influencing individuals to engage in self-medication, shedding light on a phenomenon that holds significant implications for healthcare practices. The factors explored in this review, including accessibility, perceived efficacy, economic considerations, cultural influences, and the role of information technology, collectively contribute to the complex landscape of self-medication behavior.

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