Assess the Effectiveness of Integrated Health Education Section on Knowledge Regarding Sickle Cell Disease during Pregnancy in Tribal Area, Vadodara District

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Poonam Gadiya, Kishor P Chauhan


Background: In Gujarat to incorporate Sickle cell anaemia control programme in the existing health services of State Government South Gujarat viz. Surat, Tapi, Navsari, Valsad and Dang Bharuch, Narmada, Vadodara, Panchmahal, Dahod, Sabarkantha and Banaskantha,Ahmedabad. Thus the entire tribal belt of eastern Gujarat was covered from Ambaji to Dang.which having 8912623 population the main tribes in this area are kukna,kolcha,kothvadia,bhil,Chaudhary In Gujarat, the Dhodia, Dubla, Gamit, and Naika tribes have a high prevalence of HbS (13-31 %). More recently very extensive population surveys have been done by the Indian Red Cross Society, Gujarat State Branch where 1,68,498 tribal from 22 districts were screened and the overall prevalence of sickle cell carriers was 11.37 per cent.

Aim and objective: The study is aimed to assess knowledge of sickle cell disease health promotion and, evaluate the effectiveness of integrated health education among pregnant women of tribal area.

Material and Methods: a pre test post test pre-experimental design. The study was conducted among total 100 pregnant women who affected with sickle cell disease and trait.

Results: The result of this study shows that in pre test, sickle cell disease and treat affected women having on average 29.36% knowledge regarding promotive measure on sickle cell and mean score was 7.34 and in post test, average 80.8% knowledge regarding sickle cell disease promotion of health and mean score was 20.2. T calculated value is 33.233 which are more than the tabulated value of 2.00 at 0.05 level of significance.

Conclusion: This study concluded that integrated health education section is effective tools to improve the knowledge regarding sickle cell disease during pregnancy in tribal area.

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