Clinical Outcomes of Dental Implants in Patients with and Without History of Periodontitis

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Sujata, Devashish Sharma, Shilpi Bansal, Mayuri Chandak, Swapnil Thakur


Background: This study was conducted to assess the Clinical outcomes of dental implants in patients with and without history of periodontitis.

Material and methods: The study included 100 participants. The subjects having complete edentulism, or with presence of an implant‐supported overdenture, any acute/chronic auto‐immune mucosal diseases, alcohol and drug abuse had been excluded from the study. Pregnant or lactating ladies as well as subjects with uncontrolled metabolic diseases were also excluded from the study. The subjects were divided into two groups. Group 1 was the control group in which the subjects had no history of periodontitis. Group 2 consisted of the subjects having a history of periodontitis. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS software.

Results: Out of 100 participants, 50 were controls and 50 had a history of periodontitis. There were 21 males and 29 females in group 1 whereas there were 30 males and 20 females in group 2. It was observed that in the subjects having periodontitis, there occurred marginal bone loss around the dental implant. Out of 50 cases, 7 cases failed. Hence, the survival rate of dental implants in subjects having history of periodontitis was 86%. However, in healthy subjects, the success rate of dental implants was 98%.

Conclusion: The success rate of dental implants in subjects without having a history of periodontitis was higher that the subjects having a history of periodontitis. Hence, periodontitis affects the survival rate of dental implants and it should be diagnosed and corrected timely.

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