Firefighting in Smart Cities - Unmanned Aerial Vehicle with Fire Extinguishing Ball Launch and Liquid Dispensing System

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Sivananth Varatharajan, Krishnakumar Kosalaram, Nithya S, Rehash Rushmi Pavitra A, Daniel Lawrence I


Firefighting is one of an important field where drones may have a significant influence. The Internet of Things, or IoT, is expanding quickly in a number of industries, and it plays a crucial role in addressing the challenges posed by high-rise fires. High-rise fires are often inaccessible to ground vehicles due to various constraints, and many skyscrapers lack adequate methods for preventing and monitoring fires. To tackle this issue, this article proposes the use of Unmanned Air Vehicles (UAVs) to prevent such incidents. This system integrates IoT technologies with UAVs that are launched from the Fire Control Unit (FCU). Sensors installed in the skyscraper detect the presence of a fire and promptly transmit distress signals to the command and control unit. The flight path of the UAV is continually observed by the pilot at the FCU, who also obtains video and fire scan data from it. When a distress signal or fire alert is detected, the system utilizes Global Positioning System (GPS) technology to pinpoint the skyscraper's location. Afterwards, a request is made to the appropriate security agency to authorize the deployment of a fire extinguisher truck. Upon receiving authorization, the system enters the geographical coordinates and the closest fire station deploys the unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) to the specified site. The UAV deploys fire suppressants and then returns to the nearest landing site to reload with another fire suppressant for subsequent use. This proposed methodology aims to enhance the Quality of Service and improve the effectiveness of firefighting operations in high-rise buildings.

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