Epidemiological Characteristics of Arthroscopically Managed Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries in A Tertiary Care Center of South India

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Manooj Kumar.V, Arumugam A.K, Radhik.K.R, Venkatesh Kumar S

Abstract

Background: We intend to study the demographic characteristics variations in arthroscopic Anterior Cruciate Ligament reconstruction in the South Indian population


Materials and Methods:  In this prospective randomized study, 50 patients with ACL tears underwent arthroscopic ACLR. The purpose of this study was to study various associated demographic features.


Results: Age of the patients ranged from 23 to 45 years. Maximum patients (44.3%) were aged 31-40 years. The mean age was 25.18±5.64 years. The majority of patients were males (80%) and 20% were women. With regards to ACL tear grading, a maximum of 34 patients in GRADE 3 (68%) and 16 patients in GRADE 2 (32%). The maximum no of patients with the affected side was on the right 30 (60%) and 20 patients affected on the left (40%). Regarding occupation, 40% of patients were involved in light office/housework, 33% were recreational sports persons and 27 % were labour workers. A total of 26 patients sustained RTA (52%) and 24 patients got injured by reactional/ sports activity (48%). The clicking of the knee was appreciated by 60% of the patients. The swelling was evident in 36% of the patients, and discomfort was present in 80% of the cases.


Conclusion: These demographic data can help identify individuals who are at risk of ACL injury and who may benefit from injury prevention programs. ACL injuries in the young population were the most common cause with differences in epidemiology affected by gender and mode of injury.

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