A Morphometric Analysis of Shape, Size and Position of Mental Foramen in Dry Human Mandibles

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Priya. P. Roy, Hemlata. S. Mohite, Sandeep. S. Mohite


The anterolateral part of the mandible includes the Mental Foramen, which is responsible for transmitting mental blood vessels and nerves. When conducting surgical procedures in the mental area of the mandible and delivering localised anaesthesia, operators must possess an understanding of the anatomical morphology of mental foramen. Anaesthesia is used during dental treatments, such as suturing soft tissue lacerations in the mouth and biopsy, hence to prevent injury to mental nerve from exiting the foramen sound knowledge of variations in the morphology is must. The study's objective was to elucidate, in an adult sample from department of anatomy—a region with little available information—the morphological characteristics and exact anatomical location of the mental foramen in relation to nearby anatomical markers. A total of 100 dry human mandibles of undetermined gender were employed in this research. They were acquired from Krishna institute of medical sciences, department of anatomy. The characteristics of the mental foramen, such as their dimension, form, quantity, placement, and measurements in relation to the anatomical landmarks encountered during an examination. The foramen was typically oval in form and positioned parallel to the second premolar tooth's lengthwise line. It often opened in the general direction of the postero-superior.

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