Effect of Core Stability Exercise and Janda’s approach on Postural stability and Pain in Patients with Mechanical Low Back Pain

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Saranraj Palanivel, Rajadurai.S, Susmitha.P, Arun. B, Yazhili. S



Low back pain is caused by injury to a muscle or ligament. Common causes include improper lifting, poor posture, lack of regular exercise, a fracture, a ruptured disc or arthritis. Often, the only symptom is pain in the lower back.

Objectives of this study:

To compare the effect of core stability and Janda’s approach in reduction of pain and improve postural stability  in subjects with chronic low back pain


A quantitative approach and true experimental design was adopted. 30 patients were selected by simple random sampling. 15 patients in underwent Core Stability exercises, and 15 patients underwent Janda’s approach Strengthening exercises. After intervention post test was conducted. 


Mean postural stability score and mean pain score were different in both group after treatment. Results were statistically significant (p-value<0.05) after 6 weeks treatment.


In the present sample, Core Stability exercises and Janda’s approach Strengthening exercises has positive effect on reduction of pain and improvement of  postural stability in subjects with Low back pain as measured by Y balance test and numerical pain rating scale before and after therapy. In that Core stability exercises showed greater benefit than Janda’s approach.

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